CBSE Class11 Chemistry syllabus

chemistry class-11 syllabusCbse syllabus of chemistry class 11 is taken from the ncert book of chemistry that has been provided from the cbse board . The syllabus is made for the student for the class 11 to get a part of knowledge of chemistry. The syllabus of class 11 is totally different from class 10 . In class 11 we will understand the importance of chemistry in our daily life and how a chemical reaction take place. The syllabus that the cbse had made is the basic of chemistry . Chapter wise syllabus is divided into two parts part 1 and part 2. Part 1 that will come in your half-yearly exam and part 2 will come in final exams. So the portion of the CBSE class11 chemistry is not so hard but you all have to take care of all the chapters because this chapter will help you all in 12th board exams so don't take the chapters for granted as it is a basic of the chemistry. and we know that if the base is strong we can build a huge tower.Chemistry is not a hard subject just you have to take care of the exceptional that's all.      

COURSE STRUCTURE Class XI (Theory)


Total Periods : 180


One Paper                                              Time: 3 Hours                                               70 marks
Unit No.                               Title                                                                      Marks
Unit I                 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry                                                5
Unit II                Structure of Atom                                                                          6
Unit III             Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties                          4
Unit IV              Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure                                       5
Unit V               States of Matter: Gases and Liquids                                                 4
Unit VI              Thermodynamics                                                                             6
Unit VII             Equilibrium                                                                                       6
Unit VIII          Redox Reactions                                                                              3
Unit IX              Hydrogen                                                                                       3
Unit X               s -Block Elements                                                                            5
Unit XI              Some p -Block Elements                                                                  5
Unit XII            Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques                      7
Unit XIII          Hydrocarbons                                                                                  8
Unit XIV           Environmental Chemistry                                                                    3
Total                                                                                                                         70

PART-1

Unit 1 Some Basic Components Of Chemistry
  •  Importance of chemistry
  • Nature of matter
  • Property of matter and their measuremen
  • Uncertainity in measurement
  • Laws of chemical combinations
  • Dalton's atomic theory
  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Percentage composition
  • Stoichiometry and stoichiometic calculations
Unit 2   Structure Of Atom
  • Sub atomic particles
  • Atomic models
  • Development leading to the bohr's model of atom 
  • Quantum mechanical model of atom
Unit 3 Classification Of Element And Periodicity In Properties
  • Why do we need to classify elements?
  • Genesis of periodic classification 
  • Modern periodic law and the present form of the periodic table 
  • Nomenclature of elements with atomic number >100
  • Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table 
  • Electronic configuration and types of elements: s,p,d,f-blocks
  • Periodic trends and properties of elements 
Unit 4   Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
  • Kossel-Lewis Approach to chemical Bonding
  • Ionic and electrovalent bond
  • Bond parameters
  • The valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) Theory
  • Valence bond theory 
  • Hybridisation
  • Molecular orbital theory 
  • Bonding in some Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
  • Hydrogen bonding
Unit 5   States Of Matter
  • intermolecular force
  • Thermal energy
  • Inter-molecular force vs thermal Interactions
  • The gaseous state the gas laws
  • Ideal gas equation
  • Kinetic molecular theory of gases
  • Behaviour of real gases: derivation from ideal gas behaviour
  • Liquifaction of gases
  • Liquid state
Unit 6   Thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic state
  • Applications
  • Enthalpies for different types of reactions
  • Spontaneity
  • Gibbs energy charge and equilibrium
Unit 7    Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium in physical process
  • Equilibtium in chemical process
  • Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant
  • Homogeneous equilibria
  • Heterogeneous equilibria
  • Application of equilibrium constants
  • Factors affecting equilibria
  • Ionic equilibrium in solution
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Ionization of acids and bases
  • Buffer solutions

PART-2

Unit 8  Redox Reaction
  • classical idea of redox reactions-oxidation and reduction reactions
  • Redox reactions in terms of electron transfer reaction
  • Oxidation number
  • Redox reactions and electrode processes
Unit 9 Hydrogen
  • Position of hydrogen in the periodic table
  • Dihydrogen
  • Preparation of dihydrogen
  • Properties of dihydrogen
  • Hydrides
  • Water
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Heavy Water
  • Dihydrogen as a fuel
Unit 10   The s-Block Elements
  • Group 1 Elements: Alkali Metals
  • General Characteristics of the compounds of the Alkali Metals
  • Anomalous Properties of Lithium
  • Some Importance Compounds of Sodium
  • Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium
  • Group 2 Elements: Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Some Important Compounds of Calcium 
Unit 11   The p-Block Elements
  • Group 13 Elements
  • Important Trends and Anomalous Properties of Boron
  • Some Important Compounds of Boron
  • Uses of Boron and Aluminum and their Compounds 
  • Group 14 Elements 
  • Important Trends and Anomalous Behavior of Carbon    
  • Allotropes of Carbon 
Unit 12    Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • General Inroduction 
  • Classification of Organic Compounds 
  • Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
  • Isomerism
  • Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism
  • Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds
  • Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds
  • Quantitative Analysis
Unit 13 Hydrocarbons
  • Classification
  • Alkanes
  • Alkenes
  • Alkynes
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbon
  • Carcinogenicity and Toxicity 
Unit 14 Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Atmospheric Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Industrial Waste
  • Strategies to control Environmental Pollution
  • Green Chemistry 


    Practicals
    Evaluation Scheme for Examination                                                               Marks
    VolumetricAnalysis                                                                                                    10
    Salt Analysis                                                                                                               8
    Content Based Experiment                                                                                      6
    Class Record, Project Viva                                                                                      6
    Total                                                                                                    30
    PRACTICALS SYLLABUS         Total Periods 60
    Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible such techniques should be used:
    A.      Basic Laboratory Techniques                                                              (Periods 2)
    1       Cutting glass tube and glass rod
    2       Bending a glass tube
    3       Drawing out a glass jet
    4       Boring a cork
    B. Characterization and Purification of Chemical Substances                   (Periods 6)
    1.      Determination of melting point of an organic compound.
    2.      Determination of boiling point of an organic compound.
    3.      Crystallization of impure sample of anyone of the following:Alum, copper sulphate, Benzoic acid.
    C.      Experiments based on pH                                                                     (Periods 6) (a)      Any one of the following experiments:
    •        Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, soulution of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.
    •        Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.
    •        Study the pH change in the titration of a strong base using universal indicator.
    (b)      Study the pH change by common-ion in case of weak acids and weak bases.
    D.      Chemical Equilibrium                                                                               (Periods 4) One of the following experiments:
    (a)      Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/
    decreasing the concentration of either ions.
    (b)     Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H O) ]2+ and chloride ions by changing the
    2        6
    concentration of either of the ions.


    E.      Quantitative Estimation                                                                      (Periods 12)
    i)        Using a chemical balance.
    ii)        Preparation of standard solution of oxalic acid.
    iii)       Determination of strength of a given solution of sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of oxalic acid.
    iv)      Preparation of standard solution of sodium carbonate.
    v)       Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard sodium carbonate solution.
    F.       Qualitative Analysis                                                                            (Periods 16) (a)      Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
    Cations - Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+ A13+, Fe3+    Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+,
    Anions - CO 2-, S2-, SO 2-, SO 2-, NO, NO, C1-, Br, I-, PO34-, C O 2-, CH COO-



    (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)



    (b)      Detection of -nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine in organic compounds.
    PROJECT                                                                                                    (Periods 10)

     

    •        Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ion.
    •        Study of the methods of purification of water.
    •        Testing the hardness, presence of iron, fluoride, chloride etc. Depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and study of causes of presence of these ions above permissible limit (if any).
    •        Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of sodium carbonate on it.
    •        Study the acidity of different samples of tea leaves.
    •        Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids.
    •        Study the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.
    •        Study of acidity of fruit and vegetable juices.
    Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher

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